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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended November 30, 2023
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                  to                 
Commission file number 0-50761
AngioDynamics, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
https://cdn.kscope.io/44ed1ffd915bb340d000dfb17c13ae93-angologoa23.gif
 
Delaware11-3146460
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

14 Plaza Drive, Latham, New York 12110
(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)
(518) 795-1400
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $.01ANGONASDAQ Global Select Market
Preferred Stock Purchase RightsNASDAQ Global Select Market

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
(Title of Class)


Table of Content
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the Registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Class Outstanding as of January 5, 2024
Common Stock, par value $.01 39,855,191



Table of Content
AngioDynamics, Inc. and Subsidiaries
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
Page
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.

2

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PART 1. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.

AngioDynamics, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(unaudited)
(in thousands of dollars, except per share data)

 
Three Months Ended
Six Months Ended
Nov 30, 2023Nov 30, 2022Nov 30, 2023Nov 30, 2022
Net sales$79,073 $85,429 $157,752 $166,966 
Cost of sales (exclusive of intangible amortization)38,811 40,351 77,430 79,583 
Gross profit40,262 45,078 80,322 87,383 
Operating expenses:
Research and development8,658 6,838 16,599 15,171 
Sales and marketing25,464 26,007 52,832 52,550 
General and administrative9,289 10,835 20,145 20,936 
Amortization of intangibles3,562 4,808 7,187 9,645 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration221 1,646 91 1,857 
Acquisition, restructuring and other items, net6,188 3,059 9,400 8,640 
Total operating expenses53,382 53,193 106,254 108,799 
Gain on sale of assets  47,842  
Operating income (loss)(13,120)(8,115)21,910 (21,416)
Other expense:
Interest income (expense), net534 (684)653 (1,065)
Other expense, net(32)(252)(320)(427)
Total other income (expense), net502 (936)333 (1,492)
Income (loss) before income tax benefit(12,618)(9,051)22,243 (22,908)
Income tax expense (benefit)16,430 (565)5,407 (1,418)
Net income (loss)$(29,048)$(8,486)$16,836 $(21,490)
Earnings (loss) per share
Basic$(0.72)$(0.21)$0.42 $(0.55)
Diluted$(0.72)$(0.21)$0.42 $(0.55)
Weighted average shares outstanding
Basic40,219 39,490 40,030 39,394 
Diluted40,219 39,490 40,103 39,394 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
3

Table of Content
AngioDynamics, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(unaudited)
(in thousands of dollars)
 
Three Months Ended
Six Months Ended
Nov 30, 2023Nov 30, 2022Nov 30, 2023Nov 30, 2022
Net income (loss)$(29,048)$(8,486)$16,836 $(21,490)
Other comprehensive income (loss), before tax:
Foreign currency translation gain (loss)945 (1,095)15 (1,645)
Other comprehensive income (loss), before tax945 (1,095)15 (1,645)
Income tax expense related to items of other comprehensive loss    
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax945 (1,095)15 (1,645)
Total comprehensive income (loss), net of tax$(28,103)$(9,581)$16,851 $(23,135)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

4

Table of Content
AngioDynamics, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(unaudited)
(in thousands of dollars, except share data)
Nov 30, 2023May 31, 2023
Assets
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$60,896 $44,620 
Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $2,240 and $2,150 respectively
51,603 52,826 
Inventories64,254 55,325 
Prepaid expenses and other8,715 4,617 
Current assets held for sale 6,154 
Total current assets185,468 163,542 
Property, plant and equipment, net42,557 44,384 
Intangible assets, net103,891 111,144 
Goodwill159,226 159,238 
Other assets8,481 10,676 
Non-current assets held for sale 43,653 
Total assets$499,623 $532,637 
Liabilities and stockholders' equity
Current liabilities
Accounts payable$37,650 $40,445 
Accrued liabilities29,237 26,617 
Current portion of contingent consideration9,387 14,761 
Other current liabilities1,763 2,002 
Total current liabilities78,037 83,825 
Long-term debt 49,818 
Deferred income taxes17,758 12,813 
Contingent consideration, net of current portion 4,535 
Other long-term liabilities2,602 3,350 
Total liabilities98,397 154,341 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 14)
Stockholders' equity
Preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, 5,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding
  
Common stock, par value $0.01 per share, 75,000,000 shares authorized; 40,594,406 and 39,981,422 shares issued and 40,224,406 and 39,611,422 shares outstanding at November 30, 2023 and May 31, 2023, respectively
383 382 
Additional paid-in capital605,284 599,206 
Accumulated deficit (194,019)(210,855)
Treasury stock, 370,000 shares at November 30, 2023 and May 31, 2023, respectively
(5,714)(5,714)
Accumulated other comprehensive income(4,708)(4,723)
Total Stockholders’ Equity401,226 378,296 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity$499,623 $532,637 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
5

Table of Content
AngioDynamics, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited)
(in thousands of dollars)
Six Months Ended
Nov 30, 2023Nov 30, 2022
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income (loss)$16,836 $(21,490)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash used in operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization13,373 15,478 
Non-cash lease expense957 1,248 
Stock based compensation6,021 6,374 
Gain on disposal of assets(47,842) 
Transaction costs for disposition(2,427) 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration91 1,857 
Deferred income taxes4,951 (1,525)
Change in accounts receivable allowances549 392 
Fixed and intangible asset impairments and disposals239 87 
              Write-off of other assets 869  
Other(138)(43)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable677 (1,019)
Inventories(8,844)(11,831)
Prepaid expenses and other(4,979)(3,931)
Accounts payable, accrued and other liabilities(966)(2,843)
Net cash used in operating activities(20,633)(17,246)
Cash flows from investing activities:
Additions to property, plant and equipment(1,345)(2,090)
Additions to placement and evaluation units(2,006)(3,442)
Cash paid for acquisitions (540)
Proceeds from sale of assets100,000  
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities96,649 (6,072)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Repayment of long-term debt(50,000)(45,000)
Proceeds from borrowings on long-term debt 70,000 
Deferred financing costs on long-term debt (751)
Payment of acquisition related contingent consideration (10,000) 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options and employee stock purchase plan58 230 
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(59,942)24,479 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents202 (129)
Increase in cash and cash equivalents16,276 1,032 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period44,620 28,825 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$60,896 $29,857 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:
Accrual for capital expenditures incurred during the period$(138)$113 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
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AngioDynamics, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(unaudited)
(in thousands of dollars, except share data)

  
Common StockAdditional
paid in
capital
Accumulated deficit Accumulated
other
comprehensive
loss
Treasury Stock
SharesAmountSharesAmountTotal
Balance at May 31, 202339,981,422 $382 $599,206 $(210,855)$(4,723)(370,000)$(5,714)$378,296 
Net income45,884 45,884 
Issuance/Cancellation of restricted stock units386,031 (280)(280)
Issuance/Cancellation of performance share units87,377 (210)(210)
Purchases of common stock under ESPP131,811 1 899 900 
Stock-based compensation4,144 4,144 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax(930)(930)
Balance at August 31, 202340,586,641 $383 $603,759 $(164,971)$(5,653)(370,000)$(5,714)$427,804 
Net loss(29,048)(29,048)
Issuance/Cancellation of restricted stock units7,765 (16)(16)
Issuance/Cancellation of performance share units(336)(336)
Stock-based compensation1,877 1,877 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax945 945 
Balance at November 30, 202340,594,406 $383 $605,284 $(194,019)$(4,708)(370,000)$(5,714)$401,226 


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Common StockAdditional
paid in
capital
Accumulated deficit Accumulated
other
comprehensive
income (loss)
Treasury Stock
SharesAmountSharesAmountTotal
Balance at May 31, 202239,541,173 $380 $586,879 $(158,413)$1,357 (370,000)$(5,714)$424,489 
Net loss(13,004)(13,004)
Exercise of stock options6,617 (29)(29)
Issuance/Cancellation of restricted stock units213,241 (648)(648)
Issuance/Cancellation of performance share units29,826 (312)(312)
Purchases of common stock under ESPP56,894 1 1,070 1,071 
Stock-based compensation3,024 3,024 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax(550)(550)
Balance at August 31, 202239,847,751 $381 $589,984 $(171,417)$807 (370,000)$(5,714)$414,041 
Net loss(8,486)(8,486)
Exercise of stock options15,000 184 184 
Issuance/Cancellation of restricted stock units11,393 (36)(36)
Stock-based compensation3,350 3,350 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax(1,095)(1,095)
Balance at November 30, 202239,874,144 $381 $593,482 $(179,903)$(288)(370,000)$(5,714)$407,958 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
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AngioDynamics, Inc. and Subsidiaries
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
1. CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The Consolidated Statements of Operations and the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the three and six months ended November 30, 2023 and 2022, the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of November 30, 2023, the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended November 30, 2023 and 2022, and the Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the six months ended November 30, 2023 and 2022 have been prepared by the Company and are unaudited. The Consolidated Balance Sheet as of May 31, 2023 was derived from audited consolidated financial statements but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) necessary to state fairly the financial position, changes in stockholders’ equity and comprehensive income, results of operations and cash flows as of and for the period ended November 30, 2023 (and for all periods presented) have been made.
The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements for the three and six months ended November 30, 2023 and 2022 include the accounts of AngioDynamics, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries (collectively, the "Company", "we", "our" or "us"). All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.
2. DIVESTITURES
Pursuant to an asset purchase agreement dated June 8, 2023 (the "Asset Purchase Agreement"), the Company completed the sale of the dialysis and BioSentry tract sealant system biopsy businesses (the "Divestiture") to Merit Medical Systems, Inc. ("Merit"). Total consideration received by the Company for the Divestiture in the first quarter of fiscal year 2024 was $100.0 million in cash and resulted in a pre-tax book gain of $47.8 million.
The Company and Merit entered into various agreements to facilitate the transition of the divested businesses to Merit, including a Transition Services Agreement and Contract Manufacturing Agreement. The Company determined that the sale of the businesses did not constitute a strategic shift that had a major effect on the Company's operations or financial results and as a result, this transaction will not be classified as discontinued operations.
The following table summarizes the major classes of assets sold on the date of the sale:
(in thousands)As of June 8, 2023
Current assets:
Inventories $4,068 
Prepaid expenses and other2,000 
   Total current assets$6,068 
Non-current assets:
Property, plant and equipment, net$54 
Intangible assets, net17,629 
Goodwill25,980 
   Total non-current assets $43,663 
3. REVENUE FROM CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS
Revenue Recognition
Under ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services, in an amount that reflects the consideration which the entity expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. To determine revenue recognition for arrangements that an entity determines are within the scope of ASC 606, the Company performs the following five steps: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation.
The Company has one primary revenue stream which is the sales of its products.
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Disaggregation of Revenue
The following table summarizes net sales by Med Tech, Med Device and by geography:
Three Months Ended November 30, 2023Three Months Ended November 30, 2022
(in thousands)United StatesInternationalTotalUnited StatesInternationalTotal
Net sales
Med Tech $20,947 $4,416 $25,363 $20,550 $3,952 $24,502 
Med Device43,055 10,655 53,710 51,081 9,846 60,927 
Total$64,002 $15,071 $79,073 $71,631 $13,798 $85,429 
Six Months Ended November 30, 2023Six Months Ended November 30, 2022
(in thousands)United StatesInternationalTotalUnited StatesInternationalTotal
Net sales
Med Tech $43,189 $8,035 $51,224 $40,991 $6,327 $47,318 
Med Device85,212 21,316 106,528 99,664 19,984 119,648 
Total$128,401 $29,351 $157,752 $140,655 $26,311 $166,966 
Net Product Revenue
The Company's products consist of a wide range of medical, surgical and diagnostic devices used by professional healthcare providers for vascular access, for the treatment of peripheral vascular disease and for use in oncology and surgical settings. The Company's products are generally used in minimally invasive, image-guided procedures. Most of the Company's products are intended to be used once and then discarded, or they may be implanted for short or long term use. The Company sells its products to its distributors and to end users, such as interventional radiologists, interventional cardiologists, vascular surgeons, urologists, interventional and surgical oncologists and critical care nurses.
Contracts and Performance Obligations
The Company contracts with its customers based on customer purchase orders, which in many cases are governed by master purchasing agreements. The Company’s contracts with customers are generally for product only, and do not include other performance obligations such as services or other material rights. As part of its assessment of each contract, the Company evaluates certain factors including the customer’s ability to pay (or credit risk). For each contract, the Company considers the promise to transfer products, each of which is distinct, to be the identified performance obligations.
Transaction Price and Allocation to Performance Obligations
Transaction prices of products are typically based on contracted rates. Product revenue is measured as the amount of consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for transferring products to a customer, net of any variable consideration as described below.
If a contract contains a single performance obligation, the entire transaction price is allocated to the single performance obligation. Contracts that contain multiple performance obligations require an allocation of the transaction price based on the estimated relative standalone selling prices of the promised products underlying each performance obligation. The Company has standard pricing for its products and determines standalone selling prices based on the price at which the performance obligation is sold separately.
Revenue Recognition
Revenue is recognized when control of the product is transferred to the customer (i.e., when the Company’s performance obligation is satisfied), which occurs at a point in time, and may be upon shipment from the Company’s manufacturing site or delivery to the customer’s named location, based on the shipping terms of a contract.
In determining whether control has transferred, the Company considers if there is a present right to payment from the customer and when physical possession, legal title and risks and rewards of ownership have transferred to the customer.
The Company typically invoices customers upon satisfaction of identified performance obligations. As the Company’s standard payment terms are 30 to 90 days from invoicing, the Company does not provide any significant financing to its customers.
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The Company enters into agreements to place placement and evaluation units (“units”) at customer sites, but the Company retains title to the units. For the duration of these agreements the customer has the right to use the unit at no upfront charge in connection with the customer’s ongoing purchase of disposables. These types of agreements include an embedded operating lease for the right to use the units. In these arrangements, revenue recognized for the sale of the disposables is not allocated between the disposal revenue and lease revenue due to the insignificant value of the units in relation to the total agreement value.
Sales, value add, and other taxes collected on behalf of third parties are excluded from revenue.
Variable Consideration
Reserves: Revenue from product sales are recorded at the net sales price (transaction price), which includes estimates of variable consideration for which reserves are established for discounts, returns, rebates and allowances that are offered within contracts between the Company and its customers. These reserves are based on the amounts earned or to be claimed on the related sales and are classified as a contra asset.
Rebates and Allowances: The Company provides certain customers with rebates and allowances that are explicitly stated in the Company’s contracts and are recorded as a reduction of revenue in the period the related product revenue is recognized. The Company establishes reserves for such amounts, which is included in accrued expenses in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets. These rebates and allowances result from performance-based offers that are primarily based on attaining contractually specified sales volumes. The Company is also required to pay administrative fees to group purchasing organizations.
Product Returns: The Company generally offers customers a limited right of return. Product returns after 30 days must be pre-approved by the Company and customers may be subject to a 20% restocking charge. To be accepted, a returned product must be unadulterated, undamaged and have at least twelve months remaining prior to its expiration date. The Company estimates the amount of its product sales that may be returned by its customers and records this estimate as a reduction of revenue in the period the related product revenue is recognized. The Company currently estimates product return liabilities using its historical product return information and considers other factors that it believes could significantly impact its expected returns, including product recalls. During the six months ended November 30, 2023, such product returns were not material.
Contract Balances with Customers
A receivable is generally recognized in the period the Company ships the product. Payment terms on invoiced amounts are based on contractual terms with each customer and generally coincide with revenue recognition. Accordingly, the Company does not have any contract assets associated with the future right to invoice its customers. In some cases, if control of the product has not yet transferred to the customer or the timing of the payments made by the customer precedes the Company’s fulfillment of the performance obligation, the Company recognizes a contract liability that is included in deferred revenue in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets.
The following table presents changes in the Company’s receivables, contract assets and contract liabilities with customers:
(in thousands)Nov 30, 2023
May 31, 2023
Receivables$51,603 $52,826 
Contract assets$ $ 
Contract liabilities$552 $499 
During the six months ended November 30, 2023, the Company had additions to contract liabilities of $0.2 million. This was offset by $0.2 million in revenue that was recognized during the six months ended November 30, 2023.
Costs to Obtain or Fulfill a Customer Contract
Under ASC 606, the Company may recognize an asset for incremental costs of obtaining a contract with a customer if it expects to recover those costs. The Company’s sales incentive compensation plans qualify for capitalization since these plans are directly related to sales achieved during a period of time. However, the Company has elected the practical expedient under ASC 340-40-25-4 to expense the costs as they are incurred within selling and marketing expenses since the amortization period is less than one year.
The Company accounts for shipping and handling activities related to contracts with customers as costs to fulfill the promise to transfer the associated products. Shipping and handling costs, associated with the distribution of finished products to
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customers, are recorded in costs of goods sold and are recognized when the related finished product is shipped to the customer. Amounts charged to customers for shipping and handling are recorded in net sales.

4. INVENTORIES
Inventories are stated at lower of cost and net realizable value (using the first-in, first-out method). Inventories consisted of the following:
(in thousands)Nov 30, 2023May 31, 2023
Raw materials$34,112 $28,679 
Work in process8,801 6,708 
Finished goods21,341 19,938 
Inventories$64,254 $55,325 
The Company periodically reviews inventory for both obsolescence and loss of value. The Company makes assumptions about the future demand for and market value of the inventory. Based on these assumptions, the Company estimates the amount of obsolete, expiring and slow-moving inventory. The total inventory reserve at November 30, 2023 and May 31, 2023 was $3.2 million and $3.1 million, respectively.

5. GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS
Goodwill
Goodwill is not amortized, but rather, is tested for impairment annually or more frequently if impairment indicators arise. Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired in each business combination.
The Company's annual testing for impairment of goodwill was completed as of April 30, 2023. To determine the fair value of the two reporting units as of April 30, 2023, the Company utilized the income approach for Med Tech and a combination of the income approach and market approach for Med Device. Based on the results of this evaluation, there were no adjustments to goodwill for either reporting unit as of April 30, 2023.
In the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2023, the Company concluded that the sale of the dialysis and BioSentry businesses to Merit Medical Systems, Inc. was a triggering event for the Med Device report unit. As the Company concluded that this was the sale of a business, goodwill was allocated to the sale based on the relative fair value of the dialysis and BioSentry businesses and is included in assets held for sale as of May 31, 2023. To determine the fair value of the remaining Med Device reporting unit as of May 31, 2023, the Company utilized the income approach, as it was determined to be a better representation of the remaining Med Device reporting unit's projected long-term performance. Based on the results of this evaluation, the Company recorded a goodwill impairment charge of $14.5 million for the year ended May 31, 2023 to write down the carrying value of the Med Device reporting unit to fair value.
Goodwill for each reporting unit is allocated as follows:
Six months ended Nov 30, 2023
(in thousands)Med Tech Med Device Total
Balance, June 1, 2023$159,238 $ $159,238 
Foreign currency translation adjustments (221) (221)
Balance, August 31, 2023$159,017 $ $159,017 
Foreign currency translation adjustments209  209 
Balance, November 30, 2023
$159,226 $ $159,226 
There were no adjustments to goodwill for the six months ended November 30, 2023 other than foreign currency translation adjustments.
Even though the Company determined that there was no goodwill impairment at November 30, 2023, the future occurrence of a potential indicator of impairment, such as a significant adverse change in legal, regulatory, business or economic conditions or a more-likely-than-not expectation that one of the reporting units or a significant portion of either of the reporting units will be sold or disposed of, would require an interim assessment for the reporting units prior to the next required annual assessment as of April 30, 2024.
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Definite Lived Intangible Assets
Intangible assets other than goodwill are amortized over their estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis. Useful lives range from two to eighteen years. The Company periodically reviews, and adjusts, if necessary, the estimated useful lives of its intangible assets and reviews such assets or asset groups for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the assets or asset groups may not be recoverable. If an intangible asset or asset group is considered to be impaired, the amount of the impairment will equal the excess of the carrying value over the fair value of the asset.
Intangible assets consisted of the following:
Nov 30, 2023
(in thousands)Gross carrying valueAccumulated amortizationNet carrying value
Product technologies$211,690 $(123,579)$88,111 
Customer relationships57,533 (42,641)14,892 
Trademarks7,450 (6,717)733 
Licenses4,837 (4,682)155 
$281,510 $(177,619)$103,891 
May 31, 2023
(in thousands)Gross carrying valueAccumulated amortizationNet carrying value
Product technologies$211,751 $(118,314)$93,437 
Customer relationships57,509 (40,755)16,754 
Trademarks7,450 (6,660)790 
Licenses4,837 (4,674)163 
$281,547 $(170,403)$111,144 
Amortization expense for the three months ended November 30, 2023 and 2022 was $3.6 million and $4.8 million, respectively. Amortization expense for the six months ended November 30, 2023 and 2022 was $7.2 million and $9.6 million, respectively.
Expected future amortization expense related to the intangible assets for each of the following fiscal years is as follows:
(in thousands)
Remainder of 2024$7,188 
202514,376 
202614,195 
202714,053 
202810,823 
2029 and thereafter43,256 
$103,891 









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6. ACCRUED LIABILITIES
Accrued liabilities consisted of the following:
(in thousands)Nov 30, 2023May 31, 2023
Payroll and related expenses$11,013 $9,232 
Outside services9,276 7,088 
Research and development2,202 1,525 
Royalties1,886 2,874 
Sales and franchise taxes608 480 
Deferred Warranties498 475 
Rebates488 469 
Accrued Freight450 450 
Accrued severance119 262 
Other2,697 3,762 
$29,237 $26,617 
7. LONG-TERM DEBT
On June 8, 2023 and in connection with the completion of the dialysis and BioSentry divestiture, the Company repaid all amounts outstanding under its then existing Credit Agreement, dated as of August 30, 2022, with the lender parties thereto, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent, Bank of America, N.A. and KeyBank National Association, as co-syndication agents, and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. as sole bookrunner and sole lead arranger (the "Credit Agreement"), and as a result, the Credit Agreement was extinguished. Pursuant to the terms of the Credit Agreement, AngioDynamics had the option to repay this facility prior to the maturity date without penalty.

8. INCOME TAXES
The Company provides for income taxes at the end of each interim period based on the estimated effective tax rate for the full fiscal year adjusted for any discrete events, which are recorded in the period that they occur.  The estimated annual effective tax rate prior to discrete items was 23.7% as of the second quarter of fiscal year 2024, as compared to 5.8% for the same period in fiscal year 2023. In fiscal year 2024, the Company’s effective tax rate differs from the U.S. statutory rate primarily due to the impact of the valuation allowance, foreign taxes, and other non-deductible permanent items (such as non-deductible meals and entertainment, Section 162(m) excess compensation and non-deductible share-based compensation).
The Company regularly assesses its ability to realize its deferred tax assets. Assessing the realization of deferred tax assets requires significant management judgment. In determining whether its deferred tax assets are more likely than not realizable, the Company evaluated all available positive and negative evidence, and weighted the evidence based on its objectivity.
Based on the review of all available evidence, the Company determined that it has not yet attained a sustained level of profitability and the objectively verifiable negative evidence outweighed the positive evidence. Therefore, the Company has provided a valuation allowance on its federal and state net operating loss carryforwards, federal and state R&D credit carryforwards and other net deferred tax assets that have a limited life and are not supportable by the naked credit deferred tax liability sourced income as of November 30, 2023. The Company will continue to assess the level of the valuation allowance required. If sufficient positive evidence exists in future periods to support a release of some or all of the valuation allowance, such a release would likely have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations.

9. SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION
On October 13, 2020, the Company's shareholders approved the 2020 Stock and Incentive Award Plan (the “2020 Plan”). The 2020 Plan provides for the grant of incentive stock options, non-statutory stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units, stock appreciation rights, performance share units, performance shares and other incentive awards to the Company's employees, directors and other service providers. On November 14, 2023 the Company's shareholders approved an amendment to the 2020 Plan to increase the reserve of shares of common stock available for future grants by 1.5 million shares. As of November 30, 2023, there was a maximum of 2.6 million shares of common stock available for future grant under the 2020 Plan.
Prior to the adoption of the 2020 Plan, equity awards were issued under the 2004 Stock and Incentive Award Plan (the “2004 Plan”). The adoption of the 2020 Plan did not impact the administration of equity awards issued under the 2004 Plan but following the adoption of the 2020 Plan, equity award grants are no longer made under the 2004 Plan.
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The Company also has an employee stock purchase plan. On November 3, 2022 the Company's shareholders approved an amendment to the employee stock purchase plan to increase the reserve of shares of common stock available for future grants by 1.0 million shares. As of November 30, 2023, there was a maximum of 3.0 million shares of common stock available for future grant under the employee stock purchase plan.
For the three months ended November 30, 2023 and 2022, share-based compensation expense was $1.9 million and $3.4 million, respectively. For the six months ended November 30, 2023 and 2022, share-based compensation expense was $6.0 million and $6.4 million, respectively.
During the six months ended November 30, 2023 and 2022, the Company granted stock options and restricted stock units under the 2020 Plan to certain employees and members of the Board of Directors. Stock option awards are valued using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model and then amortized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the award. Generally, restricted stock unit awards are valued based on the closing trading value of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant and then amortized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the award. In July 2023, the Board of Directors approved a change in terms of restricted stock units granted to non-employee directors to provide for immediate vesting upon grant of the award.
During the six months ended November 30, 2023 and 2022, the Company granted performance share units under the 2020 Plan to certain employees. The awards may be earned by achieving performance levels over the requisite service period. The performance criteria are based on achieving certain performance targets and the total shareholder return (“TSR”) of the Company’s common stock relative to the TSR of the common stock of a pre-defined industry peer-group. The fair value of these awards is based on a Monte Carlo simulation model.
As of November 30, 2023, there was $20.3 million of unrecognized compensation expense related to share-based payment arrangements. These costs are expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of approximately three years. The Company has sufficient shares to satisfy expected share-based payment arrangements.
10. EARNINGS PER SHARE
Basic earnings per share is based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding without consideration of potential common stock. Diluted earnings per share includes the dilutive effect of potential common stock consisting of stock options, restricted stock units and performance stock units, provided that the inclusion of such securities is not anti-dilutive. In periods with a net loss, stock options and restricted stock units are not included in the computation of diluted loss per share as the impact would be anti-dilutive.
The following table reconciles basic to diluted weighted-average shares outstanding:
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
(in thousands)Nov 30, 2023Nov 30, 2022Nov 30, 2023Nov 30, 2022
Basic40,219 39,490 40,030 39,394 
Effect of dilutive securities  73  
Diluted40,219 39,490 40,103 39,394 
Securities excluded as their inclusion would be anti-dilutive4,361 3,793 3,955 3,793 

11. SEGMENT AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION
Segment information
The Company regularly reviews its segments and the approach used by the chief operating decision maker, the President and Chief Executive Officer ("CEO"), and management to evaluate performance and allocate resources. The Company manages its operations through two segments, Med Tech and Med Device. The CEO evaluates these two segments based on net sales and gross margin to, among other items, allocate resources and assess performance. Executives reporting to the CEO include those responsible for commercial operations, manufacturing operations, regulatory and quality and certain corporate functions. The CEO evaluates all other elements of profitability, investment and cash flow metrics on a consolidated global basis due to shared infrastructure and resources.
The Company manages its assets on a total company basis, not by operating segment; therefore, the CEO does not review any asset information by operating segment and, accordingly, asset information is not reported or evaluated by operating segment. Total assets were $499.6 million as of November 30, 2023.
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The table below summarizes net sales and gross margin by Med Tech and Med Device:
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
(in thousands)Nov 30, 2023Nov 30, 2022Nov 30, 2023Nov 30, 2022
Med Tech Net Sales$25,363 $24,502 $51,224 $47,318 
Gross profit 15,816 15,614 32,543 30,043 
Gross margin 62.4 %63.7 %63.5 %63.5 %
Med Device Net Sales$53,710 $60,927 106,528 $119,648 
Gross profit 24,446 29,464 47,779 $57,340 
Gross margin 45.5 %48.4 %44.9 %47.9 %
Total Net Sales$79,073 $85,429 $157,752 $166,966 
Gross profit40,262 45,078 80,322 87,383 
Gross margin50.9 %52.8 %50.9 %52.3 %
Geographic information
The table below summarizes net sales by geographic area based on external customer location:
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
(in thousands)Nov 30, 2023Nov 30, 2022Nov 30, 2023Nov 30, 2022
Net Sales
United States$64,002 $71,631 $128,401 $140,655 
International15,071 13,798 29,351 26,311 
Total$79,073 $85,429 $157,752 $166,966 
For the three months ended November 30, 2023 and 2022, international sales as a percentage of total net sales were 19.1% and 16.2%, respectively. For the six months ended November 30, 2023 and 2022, international sales as a percentage of total net sales were 18.6% and 15.8%, respectively. Sales to any one country outside the U.S., as determined by shipment destination, did not comprise a material portion of net sales in any of the last three fiscal years. In addition, no one customer represents more than 10% of consolidated net sales and 83% of long-lived assets are located within the United States.

12. FAIR VALUE
On a recurring basis, the Company measures certain financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value based upon quoted market prices, where available. Where quoted market prices or other observable inputs are not available, the Company applies valuation techniques to estimate fair value. FASB ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, establishes a three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosure of fair value measurements. The categorization of financial assets and financial liabilities within the valuation hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the measurement of fair value. The three levels of the hierarchy are defined as follows:
Level 1 - Inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted market prices for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2 - Inputs to the valuation methodology are other observable inputs, including quoted market prices for similar assets or liabilities and market-corroborated inputs.
Level 3 - Inputs to the valuation methodology are significant unobservable inputs based on management’s best estimate of inputs market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date, including assumptions about risk.
The Company's financial instruments include cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and contingent consideration. The carrying amount of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, and accounts payable approximates fair value due to their immediate or short-term maturities. The recurring fair value measurements using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) relate to contingent consideration liabilities.
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The following tables provide information by level for assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
Fair Value Measurements using inputs considered as:
Fair Value at Nov 30, 2023
(in thousands)Level 1Level 2Level 3
Financial Liabilities
Contingent consideration for acquisition earn outs$ $ $9,387 $9,387 
Total Financial Liabilities$ $ $9,387 $9,387 
Fair Value Measurements using inputs considered as:
Fair Value at May 31, 2023
(in thousands)Level 1Level 2Level 3
Financial Liabilities
Contingent consideration for acquisition earn outs$ $ $19,296 $19,296 
Total Financial Liabilities$ $ $19,296 $19,296 
There were no transfers between Level 1, 2 and 3 for the three and six months ended November 30, 2023 and 2022.
The table below presents the changes in fair value components of Level 3 instruments:
Three Months Ended Nov 30, 2023
(in thousands)Fair Value Measurements Using Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)
Balance, August 31, 2023$9,167 
Change in present value of contingent consideration (1)
221 
Currency gain from remeasurement(1)
Contingent consideration payment 
Balance, November 30, 2023
$9,387 
Six Months Ended Nov 30, 2023
(in thousands)Fair Value Measurements Using Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)
Balance, May 31, 2023$19,296 
Change in present value of contingent consideration (1)
91 
Currency gain from remeasurement 
Contingent consideration payment(10,000)
Balance, November 30, 2023
$9,387 
(1) Change in the fair value of contingent consideration is included in earnings and comprised of changes in estimated earn out payments based on projections of Company performance and amortization of the present value discount.
Contingent Liability for Acquisition Earn Outs
Some of the Company's business combinations involve the potential for the payment of future contingent consideration upon the achievement of certain product development milestones or various other performance conditions. Payment of the additional consideration is generally contingent on the acquired company reaching certain performance milestones, including attaining specified revenue levels or product development targets. Contingent consideration is recorded at the estimated fair value of the contingent payments on the acquisition date. The fair value of the contingent consideration is remeasured at the estimated fair value at each reporting period with the change in fair value recognized as income or expense within change in fair value of contingent consideration in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
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The Company measures the initial liability and remeasures the liability on a recurring basis using Level 3 inputs as defined under authoritative guidance for fair value measurements, which is determined using a discounted cash flow model applied to projected net sales, using probabilities of achieving projected net sales and projected payment dates. Projected net sales are based on internal projections and extensive analysis of the target market and the sales potential. Increases or decreases in any valuation inputs in isolation may result in a significantly lower or higher fair value measurement in the future.
The recurring Level 3 fair value measurements of the contingent consideration liabilities include the following significant unobservable inputs as of November 30, 2023:
(in thousands)Fair ValueValuation TechniqueUnobservable InputRange
Revenue based payments$9,387 Discounted cash flowDiscount rate10%
Probability of payment
90% - 100%
Projected fiscal year of payment2024 - 2025
At November 30, 2023, the amount of undiscounted future contingent consideration that the Company expects to pay as a result of all completed acquisitions is approximately $10.0 million. The milestones, including revenue projections and technical milestones associated with the contingent consideration, must be reached in future periods ranging from fiscal years 2024 to 2029 in order for the associated consideration to be paid.

13. LEASES
The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception of the contract. The Company has operating leases for buildings, primarily for office space, R&D, manufacturing and warehousing.
Operating lease right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and operating lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value of the future minimum lease payments over the lease term at commencement date. Many of the lease agreements contain renewal or termination clauses that are factored into the determination of the lease term if it is reasonably certain that these options would be exercised. The Company recognizes lease expense for these leases on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
The following table presents supplemental balance sheet information related to leases:
(in thousands)Balance Sheet LocationNov 30, 2023May 31, 2023
Assets
Operating lease ROU assetOther assets$4,104 $5,113 
Liabilities
Current operating lease liabilitiesOther current liabilities1,652 1,922 
Non-current operating lease liabilitiesOther long-term liabilities2,568 3,316 
Total lease liabilities$4,220 $5,238 
The interest rate implicit in lease agreements is typically not readily determinable, and as such the Company used the incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date in determining the present value of future payments. The incremental borrowing rate is defined as the interest the Company would pay to borrow on a collateralized basis, considering factors such as length of lease term. The following table presents the weighted average remaining lease term and discount rate:
Nov 30, 2023
Weighted average remaining term (in years)2.74
Weighted average discount rate4.6 %
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The maturities of the lease liabilities for each of the following fiscal years is:
(in thousands)Nov 30, 2023
Remainder of 2024$992 
20251,584 
20261,356 
2027400 
2028 and thereafter174 
Total lease payments$4,506 
Less: Imputed Interest286 
Total lease obligations$4,220 
Less: Current portion of lease obligations1,652 
Long-term lease obligations$2,568 
During the three months ended November 30, 2023 and 2022, the Company recognized $0.6 million and $0.7 million of operating lease expense, respectively, which includes immaterial short-term leases. During the six months ended November 30, 2023 and 2022, the Company recognized $1.3 million and $1.4 million of operating lease expense, respectively, which includes immaterial short-term leases. The expenses on the Consolidated Statement of Operations were classified as follows:
Three Months Ended
Six Months Ended
(in thousands)
Nov 30, 2023
Nov 30, 2022
Nov 30, 2023
Nov 30, 2022
Cost of sales$219 $221 $416 $440 
Research and development39 53 97 104 
Sales and marketing40 41 80 81 
General and administrative329 365 661 725 
$627 $680 $1,254 $1,350 
The following table presents supplemental cash flow and other information related to leases:
Six Months Ended
(in thousands)Nov 30, 2023Nov 30, 2022
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities
Operating cash flows from operating leases$1,064 $1,384 
ROU assets obtained in exchange for lease liabilities
Operating leases$381 $ 

14. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

The Company is involved in various legal proceedings, including commercial, intellectual property, product liability, and regulatory matters of a nature considered normal for its business. The Company accrues for amounts related to these matters if it is probable that a liability has been incurred, and an amount can be reasonably estimated. The Company discloses such matters when there is at least a reasonable possibility that a material loss may have been incurred. However, the Company cannot predict the outcome of any litigation or the potential for future litigation.

C.R. Bard, Inc. v. AngioDynamics, Inc.

On January 11, 2012, C.R. Bard, Inc. (“Bard”) filed a suit in the United States District Court of Utah claiming certain of the Company's implantable port products infringe on three U.S. patents held by Bard (US Patent Nos. 7,785,302 ("302"), 7,959,615 (“615”) and 7,947,022 ("022")). The case was stayed pending reexamination in the US Patent and Trademark Office ("USPTO"). Following the reexamination proceedings, and the parties’ related appeals to the Federal Circuit which resulted in further proceedings at the USPTO, certain claims of the 615 patent were held invalid, while the remaining claims of the 615 patent and the other two patents were upheld over the prior art references considered in the reexamination proceedings. Thereafter, the case was transferred from the District of Utah to the United States District Court for the District of Delaware (“District of Delaware”). On July 22, 2021, in another case against a different defendant, the District of Utah invalidated multiple claims of the ‘302, ‘022, and ‘615 Patents under 35 USC §101, including claims asserted against the Company. On December 27, 2021, the District of Delaware stayed the case pending the Federal Circuit's resolution of Bard's appeal from the
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Utah Decision. On February 17, 2023, the Federal Circuit Reversed-in-Part, Vacated-in-Part, and Remanded the Utah Decision. The District of Delaware lifted the stay on February 28, 2023 and held a status conference on March 23, 2023. The parties each filed motions for summary judgement, and a jury trial is currently scheduled for April 29, 2024. The Company has not recorded an expense related to the outcome of this litigation because it is not yet possible to determine if a potential loss is probable nor reasonably estimable.

On March 10, 2015, Bard and Bard Peripheral Vascular filed suit in the District of Delaware claiming certain of the Company's implantable port products infringe on three U.S. patents held by Bard (US Patent Nos. 8,475,417, 8,545,460, 8,805,478). The case proceeded through trial which began on March 4, 2019. At the close of Bard’s case, the Court granted the Company's oral motion for judgment as a matter of law as well as its motions for summary judgment on the grounds that the asserted patents are invalid, ineligible, not infringed and not willfully infringed. Bard appealed the judgment to the Federal Circuit and on November 10, 2020, the Federal Circuit reversed the judgment in part with respect to Section 101 (subject matter eligibility), and vacated and remanded the trial court’s invalidity and non-infringement judgments. Following remand from the Federal Circuit, a jury trial commenced in the District of Delaware beginning November 14, 2022. On November 22, 2022, a jury entered a verdict finding that certain of the Company’s implantable port products infringe certain claims of U.S. patents held by Bard. The issue of damages was bifurcated by the Court during trial, and was not determined by the jury. On June 1, 2023, following post-trial briefing, the Court issued its decision on the Company's Renewed Judgement as a Matter of Law. The Court held the asserted patent claims were invalid as anticipated, indefinite, ineligible and not willfully infringed. The Court entered Judgement the same day in favor of the Company. Bard has appealed to the Federal Circuit, where the Company has a brief in response to Bard's appeal brief due at the end of January 2024. The Company maintains its belief that Bard’s claims are without merit. The Company has not recorded an expense related to the outcome of this litigation because it is not yet possible to determine if a potential loss is probable nor reasonably estimable.

On March 8, 2021, Bard filed suit in the District of Delaware asserting certain of the Company’s port products (including certain related infusion sets) infringe U.S. Patent Nos. 8,025,639, 9,603,992 and 9,603,993. On December 27, 2021, the District of Delaware stayed the case pending the Federal Circuit's resolution of Bard's appeal of the Utah decision invalidating multiple claims of the ‘302, ‘022, and ‘615 patents under 35 USC §101. Following the Federal Circuit’s decision on appeal, the District of Delaware lifted the stay on February 28, 2023, and held a scheduling conference on March 23, 2023. A Markman hearing was held on December 18, 2023. A jury trial is currently scheduled for June 9, 2025. The Company maintains its belief that Bard's claims are without merit. The Company has not recorded an expense related to the outcome of this litigation because it is not yet possible to determine if a potential loss is probable nor reasonably estimable.

15. ACQUISITION, RESTRUCTURING, AND OTHER ITEMS, NET
Acquisition, Restructuring and Other Items
Acquisition, restructuring and other items, net, consisted of:
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
(in thousands)Nov 30, 2023Nov 30, 2022Nov 30, 2023Nov 30, 2022
Legal (1)
$5,322 $2,422 $7,139 $4,285 
Mergers and acquisitions (2)
252  252  
Manufacturing relocation (3)
689 602 1,277 738 
Transition service agreement (4)
(177) (323) 
Israeli Innovation Authority prepayment (5)
   3,544 
Other(6)
102 35 1,055 73 
Total$6,188 $3,059 $9,400 $8,640 
(1) Legal expenses related to litigation that is outside the normal course of business.
(2) Mergers and acquisitions expense related to legal and due diligence.
(3) Expenses to relocate certain manufacturing lines out of Queensbury, NY.
(4) Transition services agreement that was entered into as a result of the sale of the dialysis and BioSentry businesses.
(5) In the first quarter of fiscal year 2023, a $3.5 million payment was made to the Israeli Innovation Authority to fully satisfy the obligation related to grant funds that were provided to Eximo for development of the Auryon laser prior to the acquisition in the second quarter of fiscal year 2020.
(6) Included in the $1.1 million in other for the six months ended November 30, 2023 is $0.9 million of deferred financing fees that were written-off in conjunction with the sale of the Dialysis and BioSentry businesses and concurrent extinguishment of the debt.

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16. ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
Changes in each component of accumulated other comprehensive income, net of tax, are as follows:
Three Months Ended Nov 30, 2023
(in thousands)Foreign currency translation income
Balance at August 31, 2023$(5,653)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax945 
Net other comprehensive loss$945 
Balance at November 30, 2023
$(4,708)
Six Months Ended Nov 30, 2023
(in thousands)Foreign currency translation income
Balance at May 31, 2023$(4,723)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax15 
Net other comprehensive loss$15 
Balance at November 30, 2023
$(4,708)

17. RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements - Adopted
StandardDescriptionEffective DateEffect on the Consolidated Financial Statements
ASU 2021-08, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers

This ASU improves the accounting for acquired revenue contracts with customers in a business combination by addressing diversity in practice and inconsistency related to recognition of an acquired contract liability and payment terms and their effect on subsequent revenue recognized by the acquirer.
June 1, 2023The Company adopted the new standard in the first quarter of fiscal year 2024 and it did not have an impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements - Not Yet Applicable or Adopted
StandardDescriptionEffective DateEffect on the Consolidated Financial Statements
ASU 2023-07, Segment Reporting (Topic 280): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures
This ASU improves the reportable segment disclosure requirements, primarily through enhanced disclosures about significant segment expenses.
June 1, 2024The Company plans to adopt the new standard in the first quarter of fiscal year 2025 and does not expect there to be a material impact to the consolidated financial statements.
ASU 2023-09, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures
This ASU improves the income tax disclosure requirements on an annual basis by (1) disclose specific categories in the rate reconciliation and (2) provide additional information for reconciling items that meet a quantitative threshold.
June 1, 2025The Company plans to adopt the new standard in the first quarter of fiscal year 2026 and does not expect there to be a material impact to the consolidated financial statements.
There have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies since our Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal year ended May 31, 2023.



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18. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
On January 5, 2024, the Company announced a plan to shift its manufacturing operations from company-owned facilities in upstate New York to a fully outsourced model. This plan will reduce structural and overhead costs. The restructuring activities associated with the plan are expected to be completed in the third quarter of fiscal year 2026.
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Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
The following information should be read together with the consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto and other information included elsewhere in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Company's 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K, and the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included elsewhere in the Form 10-Q.
Disclosure Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This quarterly report on Form 10-Q, including the sections entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements regarding AngioDynamics' expected future financial position, results of operations, cash flows, business strategy, budgets, projected costs, capital expenditures, products, competitive positions, growth opportunities, plans and objectives of management for future operations, as well as statements that include the words such as "expects," "reaffirms," "intends," "anticipates," "plans," "believes," "seeks," "estimates," "projects," "optimistic," or variations of such words and similar expressions, are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks and uncertainties. Investors are cautioned that actual events or results may differ materially from AngioDynamics' expectations, expressed or implied. Factors that may affect the actual results achieved by AngioDynamics include, without limitation, the ability of AngioDynamics to develop its existing and new products, technological advances and patents attained by competitors, infringement of AngioDynamics' technology or assertions that AngioDynamics' technology infringes the technology of third parties, the ability of AngioDynamics to effectively compete against competitors that have substantially greater resources, future actions by the FDA or other regulatory agencies, domestic and foreign health care reforms and government regulations, results of pending or future clinical trials, overall economic conditions (including inflation, labor shortages and supply chain challenges including the cost and availability of raw materials), the results of on-going litigation, challenges with respect to third-party distributors or joint venture partners or collaborators, the results of sales efforts, the effects of product recalls and product liability claims, changes in key personnel, the ability of AngioDynamics to execute on strategic initiatives, the effects of economic, credit and capital market conditions, general market conditions, market acceptance, foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, the effects on pricing from group purchasing organizations and competition, the ability of AngioDynamics to obtain regulatory clearances or approval of its products, or to integrate acquired businesses. Other risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, the factors described from time to time in our reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC").
Although we believe that the assumptions underlying the forward-looking statements contained herein are reasonable, any of the assumptions could be inaccurate and, therefore, there can be no assurance that the forward-looking statements included in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q will prove to be accurate. In light of the significant uncertainties inherent in the forward-looking statements included herein, the inclusion of such information should not be regarded as a representation by us or any other person that our objectives and plans will be achieved. Any forward-looking statements are made pursuant to the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and, as such, investors are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements which speak only as of the date stated, or if no date is stated, as of the date of this report. AngioDynamics disclaims any obligation to update the forward-looking statements. 
Disclosure Regarding Trademarks
This report includes trademarks, tradenames and service marks that are our property or the property of other third parties. Solely for convenience, such trademarks and tradenames sometimes appear without any “™” or “®” symbol. However, failure to include such symbols is not intended to suggest, in any way, that we will not assert our rights or the rights of any applicable licensor, to these trademarks and tradenames. For a complete listing of all our trademarks, tradenames and service marks please visit www.angiodynamics.com/IP. Information on our website or connected to our website is not incorporated by reference into this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
Executive Overview
AngioDynamics is a leading and transformative medical technology company focused on restoring healthy blood flow in the body's vascular system, expanding cancer treatment options and improving quality of life for patients. We design, manufacture and sell a wide range of medical, surgical and diagnostic devices used by professional healthcare providers for vascular access, for the treatment of peripheral vascular disease and for use in oncology and surgical settings. Our devices are generally used in minimally invasive, image-guided procedures. Many of our products are intended to be used once and then discarded, or they may be temporarily implanted for short- or long-term use.
Our business operations cross a variety of markets. Our financial performance is impacted by changing market dynamics, which have included an emergence of value-based purchasing by healthcare providers, consolidation of healthcare providers,
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the increased role of the consumer in health care decision-making and an aging population, among others. In addition, our growth is impacted by changes within our sector, such as the merging of competitors to gain scale and influence; changes in the regulatory environment for medical devices; and fluctuations in the global economy.
Our sales and profitability growth also depends, in part, on the introduction of new and innovative products, together with ongoing enhancements to our existing products. Expansions of our product offerings are created through internal and external product development, technology licensing and strategic alliances. We recognize the importance of, and intend to continue to make investments in research and development activities and selective business development opportunities to provide growth opportunities.
We sell our products in the United States primarily through a direct sales force, and outside the U.S. through a combination of direct sales and distributor relationships. Our end users include interventional radiologists, interventional cardiologists, vascular surgeons, urologists, interventional and surgical oncologists and critical care nurses. We expect our businesses to grow in both sales and profitability by expanding geographically, penetrating new markets, introducing new products and increasing our presence internationally.
The current macroeconomic environment continues to impact our business and may continue to pose future risks. The Company's ability to manufacture products, the reliability of our supply chain, labor shortages, backlog and inflation (including the cost and availability of raw materials, direct labor and shipping) have impacted our business, trends that may continue. Accordingly, management continues to evaluate the Company’s liquidity position, communicate with and monitor the actions of our customers and suppliers, and review our near-term financial performance.
On June 8, 2023, the Company completed the sale of the dialysis and BioSentry businesses to Merit Medical Systems, Inc. The Company also entered into various agreements to facilitate the transition to Merit, including a Transition Services Agreement and Contract Manufacturing Agreement. Total consideration received by the Company for the Divestiture was $100.0 million in cash and resulted in a pre-tax book gain of $47.8 million.
On June 8, 2023 and in connection with the completion of the Divestiture, the Company repaid all amounts outstanding under its existing Credit Agreement, and as a result, the Credit Agreement was extinguished.
In evaluating the operating performance of our business, management focuses on company-wide and segment revenue and gross margin and company-wide operating income, earnings per share and cash flow from operations. A summary of these key financial metrics for the three and six months ended November 30, 2023 compared to the three and six months ended November 30, 2022 are as follows:
Three months ended November 30, 2023:
Revenue decreased by 7.4% to $79.1 million
Med Tech growth of 3.5% and Med Device declined by 11.8%
Gross profit decreased 190 bps to 50.9%
Med Tech gross profit decreased 130 bps to 62.4% and Med Device gross profit decreased 290 bps to 45.5%
Net loss increased by $20.6 million to $29.0 million
Loss per share increased by $0.51 to $0.72

Six months ended November 30, 2023:
Revenue decreased by 5.5% to $157.8 million
Med Tech growth of 8.3% and Med Device declined by 11.0%
Gross profit decreased 140 bps to 50.9%
Med Tech gross profit was consistent at 63.5% and Med Device gross profit decreased 300 bps to 44.9%
Net income increased by $38.3 million to $16.8 million
Earnings per share increased by $0.97 to $0.42
Cash used in operations increased by $3.4 million to $20.6 million

For the three and six months ended November 30, 2023, the decrease in revenue is due to the sale of the dialysis and BioSentry businesses, which closed on June 8, 2023 and impacted sales by $8.4 million and $16.2 million compared to the same periods in the prior year, respectively. Our Med Tech revenue, comprised of Auryon, the thrombus management platform and NanoKnife, grew 3.5% in the second quarter of fiscal year 2024. The growth in Auryon and NanoKnife was partially offset by continued softness in the thrombus management platform. Our Med Device revenue declined by 11.8% in the second quarter of fiscal year 2024 driven mainly by the sale of the dialysis and BioSentry businesses.
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Results of Operations
For the three months ended November 30, 2023, the Company reported net loss of $29.0 million, or diluted loss per share of $0.72, on net sales of $79.1 million, compared with a net loss of $8.5 million, or a loss of $0.21 per diluted share, on net sales of $85.4 million during the same quarter of the prior year. For the six months ended November 30, 2023, the Company reported net income of $16.8 million, or diluted earnings per share of $0.42, on net sales of $157.8 million, compared with a net loss of $21.5 million, or a loss of $0.55 per diluted share, on net sales of $167.0 million during the same quarter of the prior year.
Net sales - Net sales are derived from the sale of products and related freight charges, less discounts, rebates and returns.
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
(in thousands)Nov 30, 2023Nov 30, 2022$ ChangeNov 30, 2023Nov 30, 2022$ Change
Net Sales
Med Tech$25,363 $24,502 $861 $51,224 $47,318 $3,906 
Med Device53,710 60,927 $(7,217)106,528 119,648 (13,120)
Total$79,073 $85,429 $(6,356)$157,752 $166,966 $(9,214)
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
(in thousands)Nov 30, 2023Nov 30, 2022$ ChangeNov 30, 2023Nov 30, 2022$ Change
Net Sales
       United States$64,002 $71,631 $(7,629)$128,401 $140,655 $(12,254)
       International15,071 13,798 $1,273 29,351 26,311 3,040 
           Total$79,073 $85,429 $(6,356)$157,752 $166,966 $(9,214)
For the three months ended November 30, 2023, net sales decreased $6.4 million to $79.1 million compared to the same period in the prior year. For the six months ended November 30, 2023, net sales decreased $9.2 million to $157.8 million compared to the same period in the prior year. At November 30, 2023, the Company had a backlog of $2.0 million, a decrease of $1.3 million from August 31, 2023.
The Med Tech segment net sales increased $0.9 million and $3.9 million for the three and six months ended November 30, 2023 compared to the same period in the prior year, respectively. The change in sales for both periods was primarily driven by:
Increased Auryon sales of $1.3 million and $3.6 million compared to the same periods in the prior year, respectively;
Decreased sales of the thrombus management platform of $0.6 million and $1.3 million compared to the same period in the prior year, respectively. This was driven by a decrease in AngioVac sales of $0.6 million and $1.2 million compared to the same periods in the prior year, respectively, partially offset by increased AlphaVac sales of $0.3 million and $0.3 million compared to the same periods in the prior year, respectively; and
Increased NanoKnife sales of $0.2 million and $1.6 million compared to the same periods in the prior year, respectively, which was driven by increased capital sales for the three months ended November 30, 2023 and increased capital and disposable sales for the six months ended November 30, 2023.
The Med Device segment net sales decreased $7.2 million and $13.1 million for the three and six months ended November 30, 2023 compared to the same period in the prior year, respectively. The backlog, which primarily impacted sales of Core and Vascular Access products, was $2.0 million, a decrease of $1.3 million from August 31, 2023.
The change in sales for the three months ended November 30, 2023 compared to the same period in the prior year was primarily driven by:
Decreased sales of dialysis and BioSentry products of $6.7 million and $1.8 million, respectively, which was due to the divestiture of these businesses on June 8, 2023; and
Decreased sales of Microwave and Other Oncology and Vascular Access sales of $0.4 million and $0.1 million, respectively. These decreases were partially offset by increased sales of Core, PICCS and Ports products of $0.4 million, $0.1 million and $0.4 million, respectively.

The change in sales for the six months ended November 30, 2023 compared to the same period in the prior year was primarily driven by:
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Decreased sales of dialysis and BioSentry products of $12.6 million and $3.6 million, respectively, which was due to the divestiture of these businesses on June 8, 2023; and
Decreased sales of PICCs and Other Oncology and Vascular Access sales of $0.7 million and $0.7 million, respectively. These decreases were partially offset by increased sales of Core, Midlines, Ports and Microwave products of $0.3 million, $0.3 million, $2.0 million and $0.7 million, respectively.

Gross Profit
Three Months Ended
Six Months Ended
(in thousands)Nov 30, 2023Nov 30, 2022$ ChangeNov 30, 2023Nov 30, 2022$ Change
Med Tech $15,816 $15,614 $202 $32,543 $30,043 $2,500 
Gross profit % of sales62.4 %63.7 %63.5 %63.5 %
Med Device$24,446 $29,464 $(5,018)$47,779 $57,340 $(9,561)
Gross profit % of sales45.5 %48.4 %44.9 %47.9 %
Total $40,262 $45,078 $(4,816)$80,322 $87,383 $(7,061)
Gross profit % of sales50.9 %52.8 %50.9 %52.3 %

Gross profit - Gross profit consists of net sales less the cost of goods sold, which includes the costs of materials, products purchased from third parties and sold by us, manufacturing personnel, royalties, freight, business insurance, depreciation of property and equipment and other manufacturing overhead, exclusive of intangible amortization.
Total Company gross profit decreased by $4.8 million and $7.1 million for the three and six months ended November 30, 2023 compared to the same period in the prior year, respectively. The change for both periods was primarily driven by:
The sale of the dialysis and BioSentry businesses, which negatively impacted gross profit by $5.3 million and $9.4 million, respectively;
Sales volume, which positively impacted gross profit by $1.5 million and $3.7 million, respectively;
Production volume, price and other incentives which positively impacted gross profit by $0.1 million and $1.0 million, respectively;
Sales mix, which negatively impacted gross profit by $0.5 million and $1.0 million, respectively;
Inflationary costs on raw materials, labor shortages and freight costs, which negatively impacted gross profit by $0.5 million and $0.9 million, respectively; and
Incremental depreciation on placement units of $0.3 million and $0.6 million, respectively.